The back and body of the Lyra is usually made from wood such as walnut, mulberry, wild pear, rosewood, cherry as well as other types of wood. You begin by outlining the shape of the Lyra onto a piece of wood and then cut out the shape. You then continue to empty the wood from the inside using different tools as you continues to a certain level. The top face of the Lyra is made from a special type of very old wood called Katrani found mainly as the beams used in old Turkish and Venetian houses in Crete
Another part of the Lyra is the rider and tongue – the soul of the instrument which only the correct type of wood can be used to create the right sound.
The strings are metallic and different qualities. In the latter days, strings were made from animal intestines which even today there are some old craftsmen do still use to make strings. The bow is that for a violin but we also make our own traditional handmade styled bows decorated with bells.
In general, this is basically how a Lyra is made using these materials. In earlier periods, where poverty was stricken, the Lyra was made using cheap materials even Articas.